Faculty Directory

Hiroshi Fukurai
  • Title
    • Professor of Sociology and Legal Studies
    • President, Asian Law and Society Association (ALSA)
  • Division Social Sciences Division
  • Department
    • Sociology Department
  • Affiliations Legal Studies, East Asian Studies, Community Studies Program, Research Center for the Americas
  • Phone
    831-459-3516 (message), 831-459-2971 (office)
  • Email
  • Fax
  • Website
  • Office Location
    • Rachel Carson College Academic Building, 337
  • Office Hours Tuesdays and Thursdays 1:15-2:45; and by appointment
  • Mail Stop Rachel Carson College Faculty Services
  • Mailing Address
    • 1156 High Street
    • Santa Cruz CA 95064
  • Faculty Areas of Expertise Sociology, Legal Studies, International and Global Affairs, Race, Critical Race and Ethnic Studies, Indigenous Peoples, Law and Policy, Discrimination and Inequality, Statistics
  • Courses SOCY/LGST 128M Int'l Law and Global Justice; SOCY/LGST 128I Race and Law; SOCY/LGST 128 Law/Politics in Contemp. Japan & East Asia; SOCY/LGST 128C Social History of Democracy, Anarchism, & Indigenism; SOCY/LGST 128J World Jury on Trial; SOCY 204 Methods of Quantitative Analysis; SOCY 240 Identity and Inequality; SOCY 257 Colonialism, International Law

Research Interests

Citizen participation in the justice system, international law and politics, race and inequality, East Asian law and politics, military and justice, social movements, environmental justice, indigenous knowledge, and advanced quantitative methods


Biography, Education and Training

1985 - Ph.D., Sociology, University of California, Riverside

1982 - M.A., Sociology, University of California, Riverside

1979 - B.A., Sociology, California State University Fullerton

1975 - Certificate in Metallurgical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Miyagi, Japan

Hiroshi Fukurai is professor of Sociology and Legal Studies at the University of California Santa Cruz and the President of the Asian Law and Society Association (ALSA).  He won the Chancellor's Achievement Award for Diversity in 2014 and the UCSC Service Recognition Award in 2015 and 2016. He was also nominated for Excellence in Teaching Award in 2012 and selected as the Favorite Faculty by Stevenson College graduating students in 2013.

His expertise includes citizen participation in the justice system, international law, race and inequality, East Asian law and politics, and military and justice. Professor Fukurai also teaches advanced quantitative methods and survey and field research. His research intersects with other substantive areas such as social movements, environmental justice, indigenous knowledge, labor history, and the role of international organizations.

He has more than 100 publications including scholarly articles, law reviews, op-ed pieces, magazine articles, and books. He was voted into a Law and Society Association (LSA) Board of Trustee in 2010, served on a LSA editorial board of the Law and Society Review, helped co-organize the East Asian Law and Society CRN, the Inaugural East Asian Law and Society Conference in Hong Kong in 2010, the Second Conference in Seoul, Korea in 2011, the Third Conference in Shanghai, China in 2013, and the Fourth Conference in Tokyo, Japan in 2015. He currently serves as a co-editor of a book volume on civil jury trials that took place in Okinawa from 1964 to 1972, and two original books on the socio-theoretical approach to the popular jury and the historical genealogy of Japan's grand jury system. He is an inaugural member of the new Asian Law and Society Association (ALSA) and serves on the editorial board of its journal, Asian Journal of Law & Society (Cambridge U. Press).

Honors, Awards and Grants


  • 2015 & 2016 Service Recognition Award: Selected by the Student Volunteer Center, UCSC.
  • 2014. Chancellor's Achievement Award for Diversity: Selected by the Chancellor’s Office, Office for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, and Staff Human Resources, UCSC.
  • 2013. Favorite Faculty: Selected by Stevenson College Graduating Students, UCSC.
  • 2012. Nomination for Excellence in Teaching Award: Selected by the Committee on Teaching (COT), UCSC.


  • 2015-2016. Co-Principal Investigator: UC Multi-campus Research Programs and Initiatives (RPI), “UC Consortium on Social Science and Law,” $298,341.
  • 2009-2011. Principal Investigator: Toyota Foundation, “Preference of Trials Over Reluctant Concession: Lay Adjudication of Military Crimes in Okinawa, Japan,” $53,443.
  • 2007-2008. Principal Investigator: UC MEXUS Program, “Jury Trials in Mexico: Comparative Analysis of Popular Legal Participation in Mexico and the U.S,” $15,000.
  • 2006-2007. Principal Investigator: Social Science Research Council, Abe Fellowship, “Japan's Introduction of Lay Adjudication in Judicial Decision-Making,” $69,388.
  • 2006-2007. Principal Investigator: Pacific Rim Research Program, UC Office of President, “Is Mexico Ready for a Jury Trial?” $16,500.

Selected Publications


Chapters in Books

  • 2019. "Procedural Rights and Criminal Procedure,” in the Oxford Handbook of Constitutional Law in Asia, edited by David Law, et al.,  (forthcoming)
  • 2019. “Lay Participation in the Criminal Trials of Japan: A Decade of Activity and Its Socio-Political Consequences,” in Juries, Lay Judges, and Mixed Courts: A Global Perspective, with Dimitri Vanoverbeke (forthcoming)
  • 2017.  “ Global Juries: A Plan for Research,” in the Psychology of Juries, edited by Margaret Bull Kovera (pp.131-157, with Valerie Hans, Sanja Kutnjack Ivokovich and Jaihyum Park).
  • 2015. “Global Juries: A Plan for Research,” in The Psychology of Juries: Current Knowledge and Research for the Future (Forthcoming). Co-authored with V. Hans, S. Ivkovic, and J. Park.
  • 2013. “The Rebirth of Japan’s Petit Quasi-Jury and Grand Jury Systems: Cross-National Analysis of Legal Consciousness and Lay Participatory Experience in Japan and the U.S.,” in the Japanese Legal System: Case, Codes, and Commentary.
  • 2012. “Disaster Memories and Other Thoughts on the Fukushima Nuclear Reactors, the Military Industrial Complex, the Ainu, and the National Sovereignty,” in My Postwar Life: An Era of Transition.
  • 2012. “Lay Prosecution of U.S. Military Crimes in Japan by Prosecutorial Review Commissions and the Saiban-in Trial,” in Japanese Legal System: An Era of Transition.

Journal Articles

  • 2019. “The Bifurcated Constitutions of the State and the Nation: The Republic of Lakotah, the “National” Constitution, and the Sovereignty-Building in North America, Asia, and Beyond,” Asian Journal of Law and Society (forthcoming)
  • 2019. “Kazakhstan’s Jury Experiment and Beyond: Lessons from Emergent Systems of Lay Participation,” Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law (in press).
  • 2019. “Original Nation Approaches to ‘Inter-National’ Law (ONAIL): Decoupling of the Nation and the State and the Search for New Legal Order,” 26 Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 199 (2019)
  • 2018.  “Fourth World Approaches to International Law (FWAIL) and Asia’s Indigenous Struggles and Quests for Recognition Under International Law,” 5 Asian Journal of Law and Society, 221 (2018)
  • 2018.  “The History of Japanese Racism, Japanese American Redress and the Dangers Associated with Government Regulation of Hate Speech,” 45 Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly,  533 (2018, with Alice Yang)
  • 2014. “People’s Grand Jury Panels and the State’s Inquisitorial Institutions: Prosecution review Commissions in Japan and People’s Supervisors in China.” Fordham International Law Journal (with Zhuoyu Wang.)
  • 2014.  Proposal to Establish the Federal Civil Grand Jury System in America: Effective Civic Oversight of Federal Agencies and Government Personnel, Journal of Civil and Legal Sciences, 3: 1-6, 2014 (with Zhuoyu Wang)
  • 2014.  Okinawa’s Citizen Judge Panels vs. U.S. Military Hegemony: Wikileaks’ Secret U.S. Cable Document on the Lay Adjudication of American Soldier Criminal Cases in Japan’s Saiban-in Trials, 4 International Journal of Okinawan Studies, 2 (2014)
  • 2013. “A Step in the Right Direction for Japan's Judicial Reform: Impact of the Justice System Reform Council Recommendations on Criminal Justice and Citizen Participation in Criminal, Civil, and Administrative Litigation.” Hastings International and Comparative Law Review.
  • 2012. “Seeing is Believing: The Impact of Jury Service on Attitudes Toward Legal Institutions and the Implications for International Jury Reform.” Court Review. Co-authored with J. Gastil, K. Anderson, and M. Nolan.
  • 2012. “The Future of Lay Adjudication in Korea and Japan.” Yonsei Law Journal. Co-authored with V. Hans.
  • 2012. “Introduction: Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disasters and the Future of Nuclear Energy Programs in Japan and East Asia.” Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal.

Selected Presentations

Public Lecture or Forum Participation

  • 2015. “Deconstructing Ferguson: A Panel Discussion on Racial Profiling, The Justice System & Community Solutions,” participated as a panelist at College Ten, UCSC.
  • 2014. “The Role of Law and Lawyers for Disaster Victims: A UC Hastings and Waseda Symposium on the Legal Aftermath of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Disaster,” participated as a discussant, UC Hastings College of the Law.
  • 2014. “Civil Jury Trials in Okinawa and Remedial Policies for Fukushima Nuclear Victims,” presented at the Research on Jury Trial Meeting, Kokugakuin University, Tokyo, Japan.
  • 2014. “People’s Inquisitorial Panel vs. Imperial Hegemony: Japan’s Prosecution Review Commissions & China’s People’s Supervisors,” and “Juries and Mixed Tribunals Across the Globe: New Developments, Common Challenges, and Future Directions,” presented at the International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Antigua Universidad, Onati, Spain.
  • 2014.“Genetic Basis for Alcoholism: Native Americans, Irish & Aboriginals in Australia,” presented at “Genomics and Philosophy of Race” Conference at UCSC.
  • 2013. “How to Become a Critical Scholar,” presented at The Southwestern University of Finance and Economics (SWUFE) Law School, in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China.
  • 2013. “Global World and Academics: Insights from American Universities,” presented at Osaka University’s D-Learning Series at Osaka University San Francisco Office, CA.

Papers Presented at Professional Meetings

  • 2015. “Civil Jury Trials in Okinawa, Japan, and Their Resurrection in Seeking Corporate and Governmental Accountabilities in the Post-Fukushima Disaster Era,” presented at the Law & Society Association Conference in Seattle.
  • 2014. “People’s Grand Jury Panels v. Corporate Goliath: Effectiveness of People’s Supervisors System in China,” presented at the Law & Society Association Conference in Minneapolis, MN.
  • 2013. “Is Uncle Sam Watching Your Dikasteria? Socio-Legal Significance of U.S. Monitoring of Judicial Transformation in East Asia,” presented at The Third East Asian Law & Society Conference, KoGuan Law School, Shanghai Jiao Tong University in Shanghai, China.
  • 2013. “Fukushima Nuclear Disaster and Atomic Cover-Up: CIA & Psychological Warfare Strategies Behind Japan's Nuclear Programs,” presented at the Law & Society Association Conference in Boston.
  • 2012. “Japan's Prominent Lay Adjudication Trials: Appealing Acquittal Verdicts & People's Rights to Try,” presented at the Untouchables, Law & Society Association Conference in Honolulu, Hawaii.